Friday, June 25, 2010

Paper Money of Jammu & Kashmir

1 Rupee

20 Rupees

10 Rupees

Jammu and Kashmir was one of India’s premier Princely States, situated at the Northern tip of the country in majestic Himalayan surroundings.

Kashmir formed a part of the Mughal Durrani and Sikh empires in 18th – 19th centuries and was ultimately sold by the British, who conquered in from the Sikhs, to the Dogra ruler Gulab Singh of Jammu. It remained under the Dogra family until its last ruler Maharaja Hari Singh signed an accession treaty with India in 1948.

The state issued notes through its treasury with limited circulatory liabilities in 1877. They bear the signatures of Diwan Kirpa Ram as the chief signatory and other officials. The vignettes depict a sun face and the words ‘Shrikar’ in bold letters in center. Issued notes bear a Persian seal impression below ‘Shrikar’.

The currency notes were used only for payment to the state treasuries of land revenue and other government dues. The denominations range from 1 rupee to 1,000 rupees. They are all dated Samvat 1934 or 1877 A.D. The central panel carries the inscription in Nagari: “Shrikar”; the two panels on both sides of the sun contain numbers: and the three circles on the left and on the right centers carry the numeral value in Persian, Nagari and Dogri. All these panels and circles are coloured in pale gold and the rest in black.

Notes were printed at Vidyavilas Press, Jammu.

The Dogri inscription immediately below the central panel reads “Jammu and Kashmir.” The vertical tables to its right and left provide the denominations in Nagari and Persian scripts. At the center below, there is a handstruck black seal in Persian, reading: Muhr Shrikar Qilimrau Jammun, being the “Land Revenue Seal of the Dominion of Jammu,” with the date 1934, and the month, in the oblong tables on its two sides.


Its printed on a Watermark paper with the words LESCHALLAS inside a coat of arms with the year 1877 below it.


All notes measure 160 mm. x 230 mm. with a plus or minus variation as the paper is not cut perfectly. However, the print of the note on the hand-made paper for all denominations is 131 mm. x 205 mm.

Denomination Date

1 Rupee 1934 VS
2 Rupees 1934 VS
5 Rupees 1934 VS
10 Rupees 1934 VS
20 Rupees 1934 VS
50 Rupees 1934 VS
100 Rupees 1934 VS
1000 Rupees 1934 VS

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